Free trade agreement (FTA) refers to a pact between two or more countries that aims to reduce trade barriers and foster economic cooperation. Such agreements are meant to increase bilateral trade, promote investment, and boost economic growth.

FTAs typically involve the elimination or reduction of tariffs, quotas, and other barriers to trade on selected goods and services between the member countries. This means that goods can be produced and sold more cheaply, and consumers can enjoy lower prices and greater variety.

One of the main advantages of FTAs is that they enable businesses to access new markets and expand their customer base, while also increasing competition and stimulating innovation. Moreover, FTAs often include provisions for protecting intellectual property, promoting labor and environmental standards, and resolving disputes among member countries.

Currently, there are numerous FTAs in operation around the world, including the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), the European Union`s Single Market, and the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP).

While FTAs can bring many benefits, they can also have drawbacks. Some critics argue that FTAs can lead to job losses, as companies move their operations to countries with lower labor costs. Others argue that FTAs can undermine environmental and health standards, as countries may be tempted to lower their standards to attract investment.

Overall, FTAs are an important tool for promoting economic growth and cooperation among countries. As businesses become more globalized and consumers demand lower prices and higher quality goods, FTAs are likely to play an increasingly important role in the global economy.